Authors: Edith Wharton
|1862||Edith Newbold Jones is born January 24 in New York City, the last of three children. Her parents are wealthy and socially well-connected.|
|1866||The Jones family leaves for Europe, where they will live for the next six years.|
|1870||In Germany, Edith falls ill with typhoid fever and for a time hovers between life and death. When she recovers, the fam ily moves to Florence. Edith begins writing stories, which she recites to her family.|
|1872||The Joneses return to America, where they live in New York City and Newport, Rhode Island.|
|1877||Edith finishes a novella,|
Fast and Loose,
which will be pub lished a century later, in 1977. Henry James’s novel
|1878||Edith’s mother pays to publish a collection of Edith’s poems,|
|1879||Edith is presented to society in New York City.|
|1880||A wealthy young man, Henry Leyden Stevens, proposes to Wharton. The|
magazine publishes five of Wharton’s poems.
|1881||Henry James’s novel|
Portrait of a Lady
|1882||Edith’s father dies in the south of France. Edith and her mother return to the United States to find that Henry Stevens’s mother disapproves of the engagement. It is broken off, and the Jones women return to France.|
|1883||While summering in Bar Harbor, Maine, Edith agrees to marry Edward Wharton, an independently wealthy sportsman from Massachusetts.|
|1885||Edith and Edward wed and over the next several years divide their time between Europe, New York, and Newport.|
|1889||Wharton’s poems appear in|
At lantic Monthly.
|1891||Wharton’s first published story, “Mrs. Manstey’s View,” ap pears in|
|1897||The Decoration of Houses|
appears; it is a nonfiction work on interior design written by Wharton and architect Ogden Codman, Jr.
The Turn of the Screw
|1901||The Whartons begin to build The Mount, their summer home near Lenox, Massachusetts. Edith’s mother dies in Paris.|
|1905||The House of Mirth|
is published. The novel quickly becomes one of the best-selling books of the year; its popularity so lidifies Wharton’s reputation as a major novelist. Wharton and Henry James develop a close friendship. George Bernard Shaw’s play
is performed in Lon don.
A Motor-Flight through France,
in which she recounts her travels with her husband, Edward, and Henry James. She meets Morton Fullerton, an American journalist living in London who is a friend of Henry James, and the two begin a passionate though short-lived love af fair.
is published; it was inspired by the bleak New England setting the author witnessed near her home in Lenox.
|1912||Wharton begins a friendship with art historian Bernard Berenson.|
|1913||Edith and Edward divorce. Wharton moves to France, where she will spend most of the rest of her life. Willa Cather’s|
|1914||Wharton travels to Tunisia and Algiers, then undertakes re lief efforts during World War I. She finds homes for hun dreds of Belgian orphans and raises money for refugees.|
|1916||Wharton receives the French Legion of Honor award for her war relief activities. Henry James dies.|
|1917||T. S. Eliot’s book of poetry|
Prufrock and Other Observations
|1918||Willa Cather publishes|
|1920||The Age of Innocence,|
a novel about New York society, is pub lished to great success.
|1921||Wharton becomes the first woman to be awarded the Pulitzer Prize for fiction, which she receives for|
The Age of Innocence.
Eugene O‘Neill’s play
opens in New York City.
|1922||T. S. Eliot’s|
The Waste Land
|1923||Yale University awards Wharton an honorary doctorate. Edna St. Vincent Millay receives the Pulitzer Prize for po etry.|
|1924||Wharton publishes a collection of novellas and short stories as|
Old New York.
|1925||Sinclair Lewis publishes|
which he dedicates to Wharton. Fitzgerald’s
The Great Gatsby
is published. Gertrude Stein publishes
The Making of Americans.
Virginia Woolf publishes
|1926||Ernest Hemingway publishes|
The Sun Also Rises.
|1928||Edward Wharton dies. Poet Carl Sandburg’s|
Good Morning, America
|1930||Wharton is elected to the American Academy of Arts and Letters. She continues to write, although her health is fail ing. Robert Frost’s|
a collection of short sto ries.
|1934||Wharton publishes “Roman Fever” in|
magazine for the then-astronomical sum of $3,000; one of her best known short stories, it is based on her travels in Italy. She continues to write and publish stories and novels.
A Back ward Glance,
an autobiography, is published.
|1936||The World Over,|
a collection of short stories, is published.
|1937||After a severe stroke, Edith Wharton dies on August 11. She is buried in Versailles, France.|